How to read an elbow x-ray - Emergency Medicine …

Objective: The purposes of this study were to describe the characteristics of a normal anterior fat pad (AFP) and to determine the association between a normal AFP and the absence of fracture. Methods: A prospective cohort of children aged 1 to 18 years with elbow trauma underwent radiographic examination. All patients received standard orthopedic management …

The predictive value of a normal radiographic anterior fat ...

Objective: The purposes of this study were to describe the characteristics of a normal anterior fat pad (AFP) and to determine the association between a normal AFP and the absence of fracture. Methods: A prospective cohort of children aged 1 to 18 years with elbow trauma underwent radiographic examination. All patients received standard orthopedic management …

Fat pad sign - Wikipedia

The fat pad sign is invaluable in assessing for the presence of an intra-articular fracture of the elbow. An anterior fat pad is often normal. However a posterior fat pad seen on a lateral x-ray of the elbow is always abnormal. The patient will be unable to flex their elbow and requires orthopaedic input.

Imaging (Fat Pads) - RCEMLearning Netherlands

Imaging (Fat Pads) On a normal lateral x-ray of the elbow (Fig 1), an anterior fat pad is visible due to fat in the joint capsule. It is never normal to see a posterior fat pad because this is hidden in the intercondylar fossa. Fig 2 shows a displaced …

Fat pad sign - Wikipedia

Imaging (Fat Pads) On a normal lateral x-ray of the elbow (Fig 1), an anterior fat pad is visible due to fat in the joint capsule. It is never normal to see a posterior fat pad because this is hidden in the intercondylar fossa. Fig 2 shows a displaced …

Trauma X-ray - Upper limb - Elbow

Normal elbow X-ray appearances. On the lateral image there is often a visible triangle of low density lying anterior to the humerus. This is the anterior fat pad which lies within the elbow joint capsule. This is a normal structure. Anterior humerus line.

Adult elbow radiograph (an approach) | Radiology Reference ...

Check for raised fat pads: visible posterior fat pad always indicates an elbow effusion. visible anterior fat pad may be seen in normal patients and should only be thought of as an indicator of an elbow effusion when massively raised. if there is an effusion in an adult patient, think: acute intra-articular fracture and go looking for it.

Sail sign (elbow) | Radiology Reference Article ...

The sail sign on an elbow radiograph, also known as the anterior fat pad sign, describes the elevation of the anterior fat pad to create a silhouette similar to a billowing spinnaker sail from a boat. It indicates the presence of an elbow joint effusion.. The anterior fat pad is usually concealed within the coronoid fossa or seen paralleling the anterior humeral line.

Elbow radiograph (an approach) | Radiology Reference ...

The anterior fat pad is normally seen as a faint line running with the distal humerus, whilst the posterior fat pad is not seen in normal radiographs. Elevation of these fat pads, known as the sail sign indicates a joint effusion and should raise suspicion of an occult fracture. Common fractures to consider in this setting: adult: radial head ...

A positive fat-pad sign reflects a response to an intra ...

the elbow flexed to 90° and the forearm neutral. The fat pads are best visualized in the lateral view. In a positive anterior fat-pad sign, the fat pad is displaced ventrally and superiorly, changing the inferior margin from convex to concave. This configuration, an exaggeration of its normal appearance, resembles a ship's sail ("sail sign").

Fat Pad Signs in Elbow Trauma - Idaho State University

A. Normal fat pad signs. 1. Anterior fat pad sign. 2. Location of pos-terior fat pad, not visible on a correctly positioned lateral elbow. B. Abnormal fat pad signs demonstrat-ing digitally enhanced fat pads. 1. Anterior fat pad "sail sign." 2. Posterior fat pad sign. Fat Pad Signs in …

Pediatric elbow radiograph (an approach) | Radiology ...

visible anterior fat pad may be seen in normal patients and should only be thought of as an indicator of an elbow effusion when massively raised if there is an effusion in a pediatric patient, think supracondylar fracture or intra …

Posterior fat pad sign (elbow) | Radiology Reference ...

The posterior fat pad sign is the visualization of a lucent crescent of fat located in the olecranon fossa on a true lateral view of an elbow joint with the elbow flexed at a right angle indicating an elbow joint effusion.. Normally, the posterior fat pad will not be seen in this view. In the setting of trauma, it suggests an occult non-displaced fracture. In children, a supracondylar …

How to read an elbow x-ray - Emergency Medicine Education ...

A visible anterior fat pad can be normal; it is a small radiolucent shadow adherent to the anterior aspect of the distal humerus: An abnormal anterior fat pad is described as a "sail sign" because it is unusually prominent and bows outward to form a triangular shape.

Interpreting Elbow and Forearm Radiographs — Taming the SRU

Fat Pads. On a normal elbow x-ray, only a small stripe of an anterior fat pad should be visible. No posterior fat pad should be seen. Injuries around the joint can produce a joint effusion which will displace the fat pads making them more visible. The anterior fat pad protrudes more and looks pointy; this is what is recognized as the sail sign.

Elbow x-ray - WikEM

Anterior and posterior fat pad signs (in a case of an undisplaced fracture of the radius head which is not visible directly). ... directly). A normal anterior fat pad in a non-fractured arm. Anterior "Sail sign" Normal pediatric elbow alignment. Are the fat pads normal? A visible ant. fat pad is normal but if displaced anteriorly (Sail sign) it ...

Adult elbow radiograph (an approach) | Radiology …

Fat Pads. On a normal elbow x-ray, only a small stripe of an anterior fat pad should be visible. No posterior fat pad should be seen. Injuries around the joint can produce a joint effusion which will displace the fat pads making them more visible. The anterior fat pad protrudes more and looks pointy; this is what is recognized as the sail sign.